The cardiology visit is used to diagnose or monitor cardiovascular disorders. It is prescribed when it is necessary to diagnose and treat major cardiovascular diseases, such as arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, cardiomyopathies, heart valve disease and it is recommended for patients with valve prostheses. It is advisable to bring all previous health exams to the visit if there are any. The cardiological visit is divided into different steps, the first is the anamnesis which is used to collect all the necessary cardiological-cardiovascular information concerning the patient and his family.
The anamnesis must be as thorough as possible as this examination alone can already often give a fairly precise idea of the pathology type (or non-pathology) which has to be dealt with. The examination aim is to analyses all the physical and semiotic characteristics (meaning the patient’s physical or pathophysiological symptoms which can lead to the diagnostic opinion ) from a cardiovascular point of view.
Through observation, percussion, palpation and listening, possibly combined with special manoeuvres which are needed for a diagnose, the patient’s cardiovascular physical picture is reconstructed. The ECG (electrocardiogram) is fundamentally important for a correct diagnosis. It consists in externally recording the hearts electrical potentials, that is to say the hearts electrical activity. Other instrumental examinations are sometimes required (such as Echocardiogram, Valscular EcoColorDoppler, stress test, dynamic ECG according to Holter, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, TAC, Myocardial or Pulmonary Scintigraphy and so on, isolated or combined according to the different cases) in resolving any diagnostic doubts and arriving to a complete and adequate diagnosis and prescribing or not an adequate therapy.
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